Rules Of The Road Page 1
- The urban driving environment (city) is typically
more challenging to the less experienced driver because there are
more situations to react to.
- Reduce your speed. This
allows you more time to look ahead and scan for hazards, such as pedestrians, cars, pot-holes, and busses. Driving at a slower
speed gives you the time you need to analyze and predict what may or may
not happen, time to react to any hazards that might require quick
reflexes, and make decisions to safely avoid hazardous situations.
- Half of all traffic violations involve speeding,
and most of those violations occur in urban areas.
- In California there isn't a "minimum" speed law. There is, however, a law that requires you not to drive so slow
that it is unsafe. The law states: "No person shall drive so slowly or
stop on the roadway so as to impeded traffic or block the normal and
reasonable movement of traffic." You can actually receive a
traffic ticket if you are stopped or driving too slowly.
There Are Specific Times When You Should
Reduce Your Speed.
- Near shopping centers,
parking lots and downtown business areas.
- When you see several cars
ahead of you with their brake lights on.
- When traffic is dense.
- Whenever you drive on a
bridge or through tunnels.
- Whenever you're
approaching a toll plaza.
- Near schools and
- Railroad crossing.
- Blind intersections.
- In residential areas.
- In busy business districts.
- In and around alleyways
Convictions for speeding in these special areas
is based on proof that the driver was unsafe or negligent.
- You can assume that the speed limit is 25 mph in
any business or residential district unless posted otherwise.
- When driving around or near a school, or school grounds, when
children are present.
- When driving around or near a "senior center"
with a "senior" warning sign, the speed limit is always 25 mph, unless
- Sometimes lower speed limits are posted in the
general vicinity of schools in addition to the school itself.
Specially marked crosswalks and five-sided signs warns that you are
approaching or are in the presence of a school.
Looking Ahead In Traffic
- Try to avoid making last minute decisions.
- Look ahead for traffic
hazards such as road construction, accidents and detours.
- Leave enough distance to
safely maneuver around hazards.
- Look ahead for signal
changes such as yellow lights and flashing crosswalk signs.
- Looking ahead about 10 to 15 seconds is equivalent to one city block,
which is the time needed to drive safely in urban areas.
Basic Right-Of-Way Laws
- The right-of-way is something that must be given, not taken. You should neither insist on taking the
right-of-way, nor insist that others take it when they are hesitant to do
- If two vehicles enter an intersection from
different directions at the same time, and the intersection is controlled
by stop signs in all directions, or the signal light is not working, the
driver on the right has the right-of-way.
- If cars enter the intersection from opposite directions at the same time, and one car is turning left, the car turning left
must yield to cars going straight or turning right.
- Yield the right-of-way to emergency vehicles
by pulling to the right when possible. If not possible to pull
over, as in heavy traffic, pull as far to the right as traffic allows
and stop your vehicle until the emergency vehicle has passed.
- Right-of-way rules should be accompanied by
common sense and courtesy.
- When entering a "T" intersection, vehicles on the "through" road always has the right-of-way.
Covering Your Brake
- You should reduce your speed rather than
"ride the brake". Covering the brake pedal to improve reaction
time is recommended when:
- You are passing parked cars, as they may pull out
in front of you or open their door.
- You see brake lights ahead (meaning that traffic is
coming to a stop)
- You are approaching signal lights. Look for
traffic build up at the intersection and for flashing crosswalk lights (these indicate that the light is about to change).
Passing In The City
- You must use extreme caution in passing
over the center line in urban travel.
- Do not pass in, or near, an
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